Overview of Missouri Beef Industry

Beef operations are organized into three categories: cow-calf, stocker and fed-cattle operations. On Jan. 1, 2017, 81 percent of Missouri’s total cattle inventory was held by cow-calf operations, 13 percent of the inventory was held as stockers, and about 3 percent of the inventory was cattle on feed. Dairy cattle – both cows and replacements – made up the remainder of cattle reported (about 3%).

Missouri Cattle and Calves, Jan. 1 Inventory, 2013 to 2017
 (Thousand Head)
All cattle and calves3,7003,8504,0004,1004,350
All cows that have calved1,8101,9101,9401,9902,140
     Beef cows1,7171,8201,8511,9022,052
     Dairy cows93 90 89 8888
Heifers, at least 500 pounds560570630625650
     Beef cow replacements290305345360375
     Milk cow replacements50 50 60 4545
     Other heifers220215225220230
Steers, at least 500 pounds380380400440460
Bulls, at least 500 pounds100100110115120
Calves, less than 500 pounds850890920930980
Cattle on feed*807570100110
*Also included in the classes above     
Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service